Thrombosis of the Superior Vena Cava Surrounding Central Venous Catheter in a Patient with Superior Vena Cava Syndrome
Volume 1 ; Issue 2 ; in Month : Jun-Dec (2018) Article No : 110
Torres-Pérez ME, Vargas-Ledo JF, Huerta-Torres KG
Background: The Superior Vena Cava Syndrome (SVCS) is defined as the set of signs and symptoms derived from superior vena cava obstruction, both intrinsic obstruction and extrinsic compression, which causes an increase in venous pressure in the upper body region.
Methods: We present the case of a male 64 years old patient with hypotiroidism, diabetes mellitus and end stage chronic kidney disease in hemodialysis treatment who presented with cervical, facial and upper right extremity edema. The tomographic contrasted study demonstrated superior vena cava thrombosis.
Results: The patient underwent catheterization for stent placement and catheter removal. Clinical Superior Vena Cava Syndrome manifestations remitted.
Conclusions: Although thrombosis is a frequent manifestation in patients with blood coagulation alterations and patients with end stage chronic kidney disease, catheter-related thrombosis is a rare cause of thrombosis and Superior Vena Cava Syndrome whose must common cause is neoplastic.
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